A customary provision would be to include „pre-emption rights” for existing shareholders on the shares of their outgoing co-members, i.e. a right of pre-emption. There may also be so-called drag-along and tag along rights, which allow majority shareholders to force other shareholders to sell their shares to third-party buyers or minority shareholders in order to force their connection to a share sale by a majority shareholder, so that the entire company can be sold as a transaction. A general shareholder contract is considered a commercial contract between the parties and is subject to the statutes and statutes of a company. The rights to the first refusal require any shareholder who intends to sell his shares, to offer them first to other shareholders of the company. These rights come in two forms: hard and soft. – These agreements can constitute important and potentially costly trade agreements of strategic importance. The agreement contains specific and practical rules regarding the company and shareholder relations, the examples of which are: holders of such rights may force other shareholders to sell their shares to a third party offering and not to use their appreciation and derogatory rights in certain circumstances. The preconditions for triggering a drag-along are the consent of holders of a certain percentage/class of shares. – unless this is in line with the pre-emption rights provisions of the shareholders` agreement or articles.
Disagreements or failures in relationships are common in the economy. One of the important objectives of shareholder agreements is to ensure that there is a mechanism in place to deal with such situations. This can be done by implementing some of the terms of sale described above (for example. B put/call option, shot-gun clause, etc.). Other methods include defining dispute resolution methods, such as mediation before the start of court proceedings, or the application for arbitration. Shareholder agreements are useful instruments for ensuring effective governance and protecting their shareholders by setting thresholds for authorisation for certain issues.