A tieA request for information model has been developed to assist the relevant authorities of TIEA partners in requesting information. It is available in English and French as well as in Spanish, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean and Turkish. This agreement, published in April 2002, is not a binding instrument, but includes two models of bilateral agreements. Many bilateral agreements are based on this agreement (see below). Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEA) provide for the exchange of information on request in the context of a specific criminal or civil tax investigation or civil tax matter under investigation.  A TIEA model has been developed by the OECD Global Forum Working Group on Effective Information Exchange. The governments of Australia and Belize have signed an agreement to exchange information on taxation. The agreement provides for the exchange of information on request, both in criminal and civil matters. In this regard, legal systems may be based on a bilateral agreement between the competent authority for the implementation of the automatic exchange of information in accordance with the common standard of notification or automatic exchange of reports by country on a TIEA, particularly in cases where it is not (yet) possible to automatically exchange information through the relevant authority within the framework of a relevant multilateral agreement. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has designed the Tax Information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) so that high-tax countries can ask foreign banks for information on clients suspected of having funds outside their country`s banking system.
Many people will be concerned about the possible existence of a TIEA between your country of residence and an offshore banking country; So we`re going to say more about TIEA. [Read more] In June 2015, the OECD`s Tax Affairs Committee (CFA) approved a standard protocol on the agreement. The standard protocol can be used by jurisdictions if they wish to extend the scope of their existing TIEAs to the automatic and/or spontaneous exchange of information. The legality of intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) has been called into question on the grounds that any agreement between governments binding each government is a treaty. Since the U.S. Constitution does not allow the executive branch to unilaterally implement treaties without Senate approval, many argue that IGAs have no basis in the U.S. Constitution.  IGAs were not described or provided for in fatca laws, but were designed and implemented on the basis that it became clear that fatca would fail without it.  Recently, Austria, Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland withdrew their reservations about Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention – the „limited trade clause” – and relaunched negotiations with their partners on double taxation agreements.
Jurisdictions can also use the text of the articles in the model protocol if they wish to include the automatic and spontaneous exchange of information in a new TIEA. The agreement was born out of the OECD`s work on combating harmful tax practices.